Different Types of Treatments of Cervical Cancer – It is possible to successfully treat cervical cancer if discovered at an early stage. Selecting treatments of cervical cancer is generally based on the stage that the cancer is in. Long-term prognosis for a certain type of treatment also depends on the age and overall health of the patient, as well as her quality of life and desire to remain able to bear children.
Your doctor will advise you on the best treatment for the cancer. Surgery or a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy are the most common treatments for cervical cancer.
Surgery is one of the most common treatments of cervical cancer, especially if there are only small tumors found in the cervix. Hysterectomy refers to the surgical procedure that removes the uterus and the cervix. Hysterectomy procedures are generally performed with the help of a general anesthetic. In total hysterectomy, both uterus and the cervix are removed.
In radical hysterectomy, the uterus, a small portion of the upper area of the vagina, and soft tissues surrounding the cervix are surgically removed. Radical hysterectomy can affect bladder or bowel function as a result of the damage caused to the nerves found in this area. It is also possible for a patient to undergo bilateral salpingo oophorectomy.
This surgical procedure is done to remove the ovaries and Fallopian tubes during a hysterectomy. Those who undergo the aforementioned surgical procedures will no longer have the ability to bear children naturally.
It is also possible for your doctor to consider the surgical removal of certain lymph nodes found in the pelvic or abdominal area. This procedure is often done to check if cancer has found its way further from the cervix. This surgical procedure is referred to as lymphadenectomy or lymph node dissection. Other surgical treatments for cervical cancer also include radical trachelectomy, wherein only the cervix is removed.
This is not a common surgical procedure; however this can be resorted to by young women who only have a minor cervical cancer case. Trachelectomy procedures help preserve the natural ability of women to bear children.
Radiotherapy is considered as one of the most effected treatments of cervical cancer. It can be performed during the early stages of cancer as an option to surgery. It is possible to deliver radiotherapy after surgery if there are risks of cancer cells being left behind. In this case, radiotherapy helps in reducing the chances of cervical cancer to recur.
Radiotherapy is normally used over surgery if treatment involves large cervical tumors. Surgical procedures alone cannot effectively remove large tumors. In contrast, radiotherapy treatment has shown relative success in the removal of larger cervical tumors. This method of treatment is often delivered in conjunction with chemotherapy, and is referred to as chemoradiation.
Treatments of Cervical Cancer: Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy treatments of cervical cancer make use of drugs in curing or controlling cancer. Chemotherapy can be delivered prior to surgical procedures or after surgical procedure. This method of treatment can be delivered independently or in conjunction with radiotherapy.
Chemotherapy helps in shrinking and controlling cancer, thereby potentially relieving symptoms and prolonging good quality of existence. Chemotherapy is known as a palliative type of treatment. It can be used in treating cervical cancer that has found its way to distant body parts, like the lungs and liver.